American and British Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Medicine

American and British Scientists Win Nobel Prize in Medicine

It’s Nobel Prize season, and some scientists are taking home medals from Stockholm. American scientists William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine with Peter Ratcliffe of the U.K. The trio discovered how cells can sense and adapt to the amount of oxygen available. The belief is that the finding will open up new avenues to fighting anemia and cancer.

“The discoveries made by this year’s Nobel Prize laureates have fundamental importance for physiology and have paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases,” the Nobel Prize committee said. As the New York Times points out, the trio’s work is important because it “established a new basis for understanding cellular metabolism and physiological function, and enhanced understanding of the body’s metabolism, immune response and ability to adapt to exercise.”

This is the first award handed out this week. Tomorrow, Oct. 8, the Nobel Prize in Physics will be awarded, followed by the Nobel in Chemistry on Oct. 9, the Nobel Prize in Literature on Oct. 10 and the Nobel Peace Prize on Oct. 11.

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